The history of golf reveals that golf clubs changed in terms of how they were made to accommodate the needs of golfers. Golf players needed irons and woods made of durable materials, that offered an even weight distribution, and that provided a graduated utility.
Meanwhile, the creation of golf balls also changed as the game grew more popular, and players demanded more durable golf balls with higher aerodynamic properties. Finally, once the first official golf course creates, these courses became popular, and over time, the features of the greens began to vary in terms of size, shape, and the obstacles that they presented.
History Of Golf: Early The Club
When golf plays in Scotland where the game originated, golf clubs at one time made of wood materials derived from fruit trees like the apple tree, the pear tree. They make out of beech or holly tree wood. The shafts on the clubs carve from hazel or ash wood. The head of the club join to the club shaft with a splint, and leather straps used to secure the club parts together.
Some players carved their clubs themselves while others turned to artisans for making up the clubs that they required. No one knows precisely when specialty clubs first create, but there is documentation that suggests that the then king of Scotland. King James IV requested that a bow maker in Perth make up a specialty set of clubs for him in the year 1502. Once King James IV became the King of England, he assigned a royal club maker and chose William Mayne to make clubs in 1603.
When Mayne gives the position of a club maker, he was supplied with the only license to do so. He made clubs that consisted of long noses or play clubs which were utilized to drive the ball, and grassed drivers or fairway clubs to make medium-ranged shots. He also crafted clubs called spoons, used to make shots on a short-range, and equipment much like wedges called niblicks. By the year 1618, the first golf balls stuffed with compressed feathers, aptly named the Featherie ball, was introduced.
Since golf clubs were prone to breakage and very expensive to repair, a lot of experimentation went into making the clubs more durable. Some club makers might use leather to improve the distance that the clubs offered as well as the club’s compression. Later, club makers would add bone fragments to the face of the club to strengthen the front and to fend off the possibility of shattering. By 1750, niblick clubs were crafting with heads made of forged metal materials.
History Of Golf: Early Courses
The way golf courses construct today has a lot to do with the idea of a new golf course design; the first golf course field. Where there were dunes and where sheep would graze; these courses locate in Saint Andrews in Scotland. The dunes and the sheep that grazed there formed natural landscaping now known as greens and fairways. The same events resulted in the creation of bunkers too. It believes that the region is the site of the first golf course. And some historians assert that golf play on natural terrain since the thirteen century.
The original golf course in Scotland only had eleven holes with locations that determine by the topography of the land. In earlier games, the golfer played the holes out, then turned around and replayed the holes back inward, so the match involved twenty-two holes in all. By the mid-1760s, some of the golf holes considered excessively short and later combine with other holes in the game. This brought the number of holes from eleven to only nine; doubling the latter figure would allow for golfers to play eighteen holes in all. Once this change implements at St. Andrews, other golf clubs followed suit, and eighteen holes remain the standard even today. The first constructed course affix nearby Edinburgh, and it built in the early 1640s.
History Of Golf: Early Golf Balls
When the golf game first began in Scotland, balls commonly leather bags fill with compressed feathers. By 1848 the first gutta-percha ball creates; Adam Paterson, a Reverend, is responsible for its creation. The gutta-percha ball craft out of Gutta tree sap; the ball could be strike and fly a distance of 225 yards in all. By 1898, shots craft that makes with a rubberized core; Coburn Haskell made these golf balls.
The harder-core inside allowed the golf balls to fly further at a distance of 430 yards. The latter golf balls were all smooth and did not have the dimple design commonly seen on golf balls today. Interestingly, golf players preferred old golf balls to be new; that’s because when the shots well use, scarred, and dented, they were more aerodynamic. In 1905, William Taylor took note of this fact and designed the dimpled golf ball pattern. Golf balls made of wood use until the beginning of the seventeenth century. The fluffy ball would soon follow; this type of shot stuff with goose or chicken features, placed inside a small leather pouch and sealed shut with string. The ball would then paint, so it was easier to see. The feathers had to compress; the total amount of feathers could fill up a top hat; they boiled and put inside the protective pouch. When the ball cooled off, the features would naturally expand while the hide simultaneously shrunk. Contemporary golf balls made of urethane blends and surlyn materials. They have multiple layers, too, and are classified as such.